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Veterinary Database
 

 Pre-Race Reports

 

Horses participating in upcoming races are required to pass all outstanding tests and/or veterinary examinations, imposed by the Stipendiary Steward or Veterinary Surgeon, prior to declaration. These tests and examinations are carried out to ensure that they are fit

 

 Veterinary Reports

 

Bleeder” is a term given to a horse that has blood present from one or both sides of its nose after strenuous exercise such as racing or galloping during training.  To be classified as a bleeder the blood must come from the horse’s lung (hence the name Exercise Induced Pulmonary Haemorrhage or EIPH) and not just from a nose bleed.  To confirm that a horse is a bleeder, its upper airway (throat and windpipe) are examined with a camera called an endoscope.  If the horse is confirmed as a bleeder, the rules of racing stipulate a compulsory period of recovery time in which the horse cannot race.

 

 
 
When a horse is referred to as being a “Roarer” it relates to a condition termed Laryngeal Hemiplegia which is caused by a malfunctioning nerve that causes one side of the horse’s voice box to not open during breathing.  This causes abnormal airflow in the throat and the horse makes a roaring sound during faster exercise – hence the name Roarer.  It also reduces the amount of air the horse breathes in and therefore potentially affects their performance during racing.  The condition is treated with a surgical procedure that permanently holds the malfunctioning side of the voice box out of the way.

 

 

 

Lameness is a term used to describe abnormal movement in a horse, in one or more legs.  Lameness in horses is usually caused by pain, making the horse reluctant to put a normal amount of pressure on a leg, however lameness can also be caused by nerve damage or anatomical changes in a leg.  Lameness is a common cause of decreased racing performance in horses and is a sign of a possible significant injury to a leg. 

 

 

 

Respiratory disease covers a range of medical conditions that affect the airways of horses.  The usual signs of respiratory disease include coughing, discharge from the nose or mucous and pus noted in the horses windpipe (trachea) when examined with a camera called an endoscope.  Respiratory disease can be caused by bacterial or viral infections (in a similar way to a cold or flu in humans) or allergies to the horse’s surroundings.